The most common reason to undergo a total hip replacement procedure is due to arthritis. This condition, including age-related osteoarthritis and the autoimmune condition rheumatoid arthritis, can cause extensive hip damage. The hip joint consists of the ball of the hip (upper femur) and the hip socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis.
Arthritis is an inflammation of the hip that occurs when the protective layer of cartilage wears down due to age or becomes damaged due to an immune response. A hip joint may be affected by bone-on-bone contact over time, resulting in pain and limited movement.
The majority of cases do not require hip surgery. Conservative treatments and lifestyle adjustments are often effective for symptom management. Patients may be referred to a surgeon for the following reasons:
- Hip pain is severely disruptive to quality of life
- Mobility is limited due to decreased range of motion and pain
- Pain persists when at rest
- Conservative treatments have been exhausted without bringing adequate relief from symptoms