Espuelas óseas en el cuello: una descripción general

What is a Bone Spur

Bone spurs in the neck are smooth growths of excess bone that can develop after a traumatic injury or as a result of osteoarthritis in the cervical (upper) region of the spine. These growths, which are also known as osteophytes, are not always painful. However, symptoms from nerve compression can result if they narrow nerve pathways in the spine. The symptoms can be very debilitating, affecting the ability to do basic activities like driving, cooking, or working in the yard, but it is possible to find relief.

Conservative therapy will be the first form of treatment. The surgical removal of the problematic bone spur is occasionally considered if the symptoms do not improve, or become worse. Learning more about the causes and the full range of treatment options can help as you search for a treatment plan that is best for your individual needs.

Causas del espolón óseo

Bone spurs are the result of many different factors. These excess bone growths are created by your body as a stabilizing response to bone-on-bone friction. These growths aren’t painful themselves but can put pressure on spinal nerves, causing symptoms that range from mild to debilitating. 

If you are suffering from pain to the point where it’s affecting your ability to do even basic activities, educating yourself about the risk factors and causes can be beneficial. This information can help you and your doctor makes a treatment decision with the best chance of getting you back to a healthy, active life.

While there are many spine conditions that can lead to the development of bone spurs in the neck, possibly the biggest underlying factor is the natural aging process. As we age, our bodies don’t stay as well hydrated, making connective tissue brittle and leading to the bone-on-bone contact that causes bone spurs to develop. Here are some specific bone spur causes:

  • Disc degeneration. Enfermedad degenerativa del disco Es un deterioro acelerado de los discos espinales que se produce debido al envejecimiento. Los espolones óseos pueden desarrollarse a medida que los discos se contraen y las vértebras entran en contacto entre sí. 
  • Spinal osteoarthritis. Este es un trastorno articular que hace que el cartílago entre las articulaciones se desgaste, dando lugar a espolones óseos.
  • Traumatic injury. Car accidents and impacts from physical sports like football can contribute to spinal bone spurs.

Las prácticas simples pueden mantener el cuello y la espalda saludables y pueden ayudarlo a evitar las causas comunes de los espolones óseos. Por ejemplo, al realizar rutinas de estiramiento y mejorar la postura, puede aumentar la fuerza y flexibilidad de su cuello y espalda.

Bone Spurs and Facet Disease

Enfermedad facetaria, a term for spinal arthritis, is a common spine condition that often develops in the neck as a result of the natural aging process. The weight of the head combined with the flexibility of the cervical spine puts pressure on the individual parts, especially the joints and discs that allow for movement. 

Additionally the cartilage and lubricating joint fluid can dry out with age, making them more brittle. In the facet joints, which link adjacent vertebrae, the cartilage that coats the vertebral bodies can wear away, resulting in bone-on-bone contact. The body produces bone spurs as a natural stabilizing response to this increased friction and instability.

Tratamiento de espolón óseo

Once the diagnosis is made, treatment usually begins with doctor-recommended treatments. Which can include rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, hot and cold compression therapy, massage and physical therapy. This mode of bone spur treatment usually has the following goals:

  • Relieve any pain and discomfort
  • Maintain or improve spinal stability and flexibility
  • Increase strength in the muscles surrounding the spinal column
  • Improve range of motion

However, if nonsurgical bone spur treatment does not allow for a return to normal activity, you will need to see a specialist to consider surgical options. If surgery becomes an option but you have concerns about the risks and difficulties of traditional open spine surgery, reach out to BEST Health System. 

MEJOR Sistema de Salud

BEST Health System specializes in minimally invasive spine surgery. It is a safer and more effective alternative to traditional open-back procedures and offers many benefits. These include less risk of infection and no lengthy recovery. For more information on how BEST can help you find relief from chronic neck and back pain, póngase en contacto con nosotros hoy