An arthroscope is a very small camera at the end of a thin flexible tube that transmits video imagery to a screen. This allows surgeons to insert it through a very small incision that minimizes damage to surrounding soft tissue while still offering a full view of the shoulder joint.
Once the surgeon has accessed the shoulder, they will use microsurgical tools to perform tendon or ligament repair or remove damaged tissue that is causing pain and mobility problems. After the procedure, the incision is sewn up and typically heals in a shorter period of time than most invasive procedures.
Patients are then given detailed post-operative instructions, including guidance for incision care and when to resume normal activities. For most shoulder procedures, patients are advised not to drive for a period lasting three or four weeks. Patients are also recommended to undergo physical therapy sessions that help to restore range of motion and strength in the joint.